the optimization of energy, the devices used in industries and household
application must be design very carefully. The enhancement in the heat transfer
is the major factor in design of heat exchanger. Helical coil heat exchanger is
used in power plant, automobiles, food industries and aerospace due to
advantages such as large heat transfer area, high heat transfer capabilities
and compact structure. In present study the simulation has been performed on
horizontal shell and coil heat exchanger injecting air bubbles of five different
diameters at constant temperature inlet. If air inject into a liquid fluid,
many ambulant air bubbles are formed inside the fluid. Due to buoyancy force
air bubbles move inside the liquid fluid. The mobility of these air bubbles
makes turbulence inside the fluid. The ANSYS FLUENT 14.5 has been used for
numerical analysis using multiphase- Eulerian and energy. The k-? standard
turbulent model has been used. The graph has been plotted for Nusselt number,
NTU, effectiveness and overall heat transfer for different diameter of air
bubbles. It has been observed that the 0.1mm diameter of air bubbles has best
shell and coil heat exchanger, air bubbles injection, NTU, Nusselt number,
effectiveness, heat transfer coefficient, CFD.
et.al.(2017): in their work on titled “Effect of
air bubble injection on the performance of a horizontal helical shell and
coiled tube heat exchanger: an experimental study” performed air bubbles
injection with different air flow rates (1 l/min – 5 l/min) on a horizontal
helical shell and coiled heat exchanger and got results:
NTU Vs air flow rate.
NTU Vs effectiveness.
authors performed an experimental work on shell and helical coil heat exchanger
at 0.3 mm diameter of bubbles.
From the above
works it can be observed that further research as follows can be taken up:
Above work shows an experimental study & the
current work is based on a simulation study.
In the present work the diameter of air bubbles
is varied from 0.05mm, 0.1mm, 0.3mm, 0.5mm and 0.7mm.
Similar graph will be drawn for different air
flow rate (1 l/mm – 5 l/mm) and comparison will be done with experimental data.
Validation of experimental result will be done
by simulation and changes will be represented.
The main objectives of the dissertation are as follows:
design of a helical coil tube in tube heat exchanger has been facing problems
because of the lack of experimental data available regarding the behavior of
the fluid in helical coils and also in case of the required data for heat
transfer, unlike the shell and helical
coil heat exchanger. So to the best of
our effort, numerical analysis on ANSYS software was carried out:
To develop model of horizontal
shell and helical coiled tube heat exchanger, injecting air bubbles in shell
Validation will be carried on CFD model with comparison of previous
To improve effectiveness and
NTU of model.
The present study propose to investigate effect of different diameter of
air bubbles (0.05mm, 0.1mm, 0.3mm, 0.5mm and 0.7mm) in shell and helical coil
heat exchanger and improve the NTU and effectiveness.
CALCULATION AN ANALYSIS OF NUSSLTE NUMBER
The value of Nusselt number calculate with the help
of equation no. 5.6
Where k = thermal conductive
of convective heat transfer
from above calculation of Nusselt number from equation
(5.6), NTU from equation (5.5) and overall heat transfer from equation (5.4) is
calculated and shown in Table 5.2.
5.2: NTU, effectiveness and Nusselt
Diameter of air
are many parameters, which are taken into account while performing current
analysis. After the analysis, result has been generated within 500 iterations
by ANSYS fluent software. Result show that as air bubbles diameter increases Nusselt
number increases subsequently. But NTU and effectiveness decreases with
From the above analysis
it has been observed that increasing the air bubbles diameter Nusselt number
As per Figure 5.27 it
has been observed that 0.1mm diameter of air bubbles have maximum
As per figure 5.28: it
has been observed that 0.1 mm diameter of air bubbles have maximum NTU.
From this analysis it
is concluded that 0.1 mm diameter of air bubbles best for using, because it
give maximum heat transfer.
this analysis, the effect of air bubbles diameter on the effectiveness, NTU and
Nusselt number of shell and helical coil heat exchanger has been investigated
using CFD analysis. Based on the results, obtained by the CFD and mathematical
calculations it is found that;
variation observed between experimental result and simulation result is 2.15 –
From the above analysis
it has been observed that at 0.05, 0.1, 0.3, 0.5and 0.7 mm diameter of air bubbles
Nusselt number increase.
From Fig 5.29 it has
been observed that NTU at 0.05mm to 0.1 mm increase and then it decrease.
Fig 5.29 it is
concluded that 0.1 mm diameter of air bubbles is better than 0.3mm 0.7mm.
utilization of energy the equipment’s used in industries, household and
commercials must be efficient. By using helically coiled heat exchanger
injecting air bubbles at optimum diameter, heat transfer from the system can be
increased to a great extent. The works that can be done in future are as following:
Use Nano fluids flow
inside shell and helical coil heat exchanger besides water so that performance
of the heat exchanger can be compared and enhanced.
To improve air inlet
geometry like use air flow inside helical coil or whole shell of the shell.
Use different material
of coil and shell for analysis.
It can be seen clearly
from results that as diameter of air bubbles increasing effectiveness and NTU
increase rapidly. Therefore, it can be suggested that more work can be done in
the field of increasing the air bubbles diameter up to certain limit to find
the optimum value.
Analysis can be
performed by varying mass flow rate of helical coil.
Use different heat
exchanger for analysis air bubble injection.