we can define a thalassemia as a
genetic and inherit blood disorder. That greatly affects our body to produce
hemoglobin and red blood cells. A person who have the disorder of thalasemia
have very less quantity of red blood cells and as well as very little amount
off hemoglobin. The symptoms of thalassemia patients appear at the age of 6
months in infant. The symptoms include Chest pain, Leg cramps, Rapid heart
beat, delayed growth e.t.c. This disorder have a range from mild to severe and
it is classified into two major types.Alpha and Beta. The Beta Thalassemia also
known as Cooley’s Anemia. It is a serious illness.Beta symptoms are appear in
the first two years of life, The symptoms include Paleness of the skin, Poor
appetite, Irritability. Alpha Thalassemia also a severe and a very serious
disease in which severe Anemia begins even from birth.

Literature review:

                 Thalessemia disorder is a
group of genetic blood problem that effects the human body. Hamoglobin is the
oxygen carrying components of red blood cells. If the red blood cells doesn’t
form properly and can’t carry sufficiant oxygen the result is an anemia that
begins in early adulthood and lasts throughout life.Once study defines that thalessemia patients
quality life is lower as compared to older patient. Once study on thalessemia
patients conducted that around 10,000 new borns are delivered each year with
severe form of thalessemia. Mednick and its colleges institude conduct a research
and defines that 32% patients suffer from anxiety and 11% patients from
depression. Untreated thalessemia major leads to heart failure and liver
problems these types of problems also effect on normal functioning of patient.
Thelessemia patients required blood transfusion after every 2 weeks. Patients
with Thalessemia intermedia need blood transfusion to improve their quality of
life but inorder to survive. Lifelong blood transfusion leads to iron over load
which can be treated or prevent early death or creat an failure to organ.