The Population of the Republic of Belarus in the period between 1996-2017

The
population of the Republic of Belarus has long and difficult history. It went
through a large number of changes such as wars, divisions of the country. We
decided to describe the period of 1996-2017 because it is a period of
independence and stability in the Republic. We used secondary data taken from
the official statistical Belarusian web-site belstat.gov.by. So, we are going
to describe and do statistical calculations of total, urban and rural
population of the Republic of Belarus in the period between 1996-2017.

     As of January 1, 2017, the population of
Belarus was 9 504 700 people while at the beginning of chosen period
in the year of 1996 it was 10 177 300 people.1 We can
observe birthrate decrease as you can see from the graph. We are observing a
negative birthrate trend since 1996 but in 2013 we can admit population growth
which continues nowadays. In the year 2016 the growth rate is estimated as
0,18%. It is the highest positive growth rate in the specified period. It
relates to politics held by the government which directed on increase of
population. It includes help and benefits for families with more than 3
children. It is also connected with migration processes.

     We had done some statistical calculations
and found out that mean is equal 9 711,2 thousand persons which means that
the average number of population in the period between 1996-2017 is
9 711,2 thousand persons. Median is 9 605 thousand persons which
means that in one half of period the annual population is less than 9 605
thousand persons and in another half of the period the annual population is
more than 9 605 thousand persons. Also, we calculated standard deviation
is equal 249,32 thousand persons which means that the typical annual population
is in the range from 9 461,88 to 9 960,52 thousand persons. The coefficient
of variation is 2,57% which expresses low variability which means that there are
no extreme values. Having calculated lower quartile, we observed that 25% of
the annual population is less than or equal 9 498,8 thousand persons. In
addition to this, we found upper quartile is equal 9 942,63 thousand
persons meaning that 25% of the annual population is more than or equal
9 942,63 thousand persons.

     As for the urban population of the
Republic of Belarus in the period between 1996-2017 we observe an increase. As
a result, we observe a decrease in the rural population. For example, in the
beginning of the specified period in the year 1996 urban population was
6 934,7 thousand persons while in the end of the specified period in the
year 2017 it is 7 400,8; in contrast, rural population of the year 1996
was 3 242,6 thousand persons when in the year 2017 it made up of
2 103,9 thousand persons.1 These numbers show an increasing urbanization
in the country. This process was registered in all regions. In addition, the
process of centralization is taking place. The population of Minsk City, which
is the capital of the country, is steadily growing. It can be explained with
some reasons. The first one is that in the capital there are more opportunities
concerning job, education, recreation and so on. The second is somehow related
to the first one because in Minsk salary is higher, quality of education is
also higher. Students, who came to Minsk to study, almost never come back to
their rural areas. Increase in urban population and decrease in rural
population are connected phenomenon because observing an increase in one area,
we observe a decrease in another.

     Having done some statistical calculations,
we found that the average urban population is 7 071, 37 thousand persons
and it represents 72,8% of whole population. The average rural population is
2 640,27 thousand persons representing 27,2% of whole population.