qwe

?? ???????
??????????? ????????? ??? ????????? ? Richard Florida ????
?????? ????????? ???? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????. ????,
??????? ??? ???????? ???? ??? ? ??????? ??? ?????????. ? «??????????? ????»
??????????? ?? ??? ?????????? ?????? ??? ???????? ?????????-??????????
????????? ??? ????-????????? ??????????. ?? ???????????? ?????????? ??????, ???
???????? ?? ??? ??????????? ????, ?????????? ?? ??? «?????? ????» ?? ????? ???
????????? ??? «????????? ??? ????????????????» ??? ??? «??????????????» (Marlet ???
van Woerden, 2004).

??????? ????????
?????? ????? ??? ??????? ??????????????, ?????????? ?????????, ????????????
??????? ????????, ????? ??? ??? ?????????. ? Florida ?????????????? ????? ????? ??? ? «??????????? ????» ????
????? ????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? (Glaeser, 2005).  

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?? ?????????
???????? ??? ? ??????? ???????? ????????? ????????????, ????? ??? ?????????
?????? ????????? ??????? ???? ???????? ??? ??? ?????????. ? Florida ????? ?????? ???? «???????????
????» ??? ??????????????  ??? «???? ???
???????????» (working class)
? ??? «???? ??? ???????» (agricultural class).
?? ?????? ??? ??????????? ????? ??? ?????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ??????????
??????????? ?? ?????? ??? «???????????? ?????», ???? ?? ?????????? ?????????
????????? (Markusen,
2006). ?? ??????? ??? ? ??????? ??? «???????????? ?????» ???????????? ?????
???? ???????? ??????? ???????? ???????????, ????? ?? ??????? ?????? ????
???????? ??????????? ?? ??????? ?????? ??? ???????????????? ??? ??? ???????? ??
?? ????? (Markusen,
2006). ???????? ???????? ?????? ??? ??? ??? ????????? ??????????????? ???
????????????? ?????? ??? ?????. ?????????? ?? ?????? ?? ????? ? ???????? ??????
?.?.? ??? ?.? ???? ?????????? ? ??????????? ?????????? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ?
????????????? ??????? ????? ???????????? ??? ??? Silicon Valley[1]
(Trip, 2007).

[1]
? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??????
?????? ??? ?????????? ????????? ????????? ??????????????? (?? ???? ?? ???????)
??? ???? ????????????? ??? ??????? ???? ???????, ???? ?????? ???????? ??
?????????? ?? ???? ??? ?????? ??????????? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????.
?????? ?????? ??????????????? ?? ????????? ??? ??? ????? ?????? ???????????, ??
????????? ??? ?????????????????? ???? ??????????? ??? ???????????? ??? ???
???????????? ??? ????????? ??????? ??? ????????? ?? ?????? ???? ??????,
???????????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? ??? ??? ??? ?????.

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