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Political and cultural differences between the north and south contributed to the start of the civil war. One of the main reasons the Civil War started was slavery. The Southern states were angry that the Northern states wanted to block slavery from moving out West. They relied on slavery for labor but many disagreed with this labor which made the self fear their way of life would come to an end. The Southern states believed that slavery should be decided by the states, not the federal government. As the population grew in the North, the Southern states slowly began to lose power in the federal government. The pro-slavery elected officials could not contend with the new anti-slavery numbers. While compromises over the new Western states were introduced, the overall conflict of state rights was still very strong. This debate of state rights and the lack of representation eventually led the Southern states to secede from the Union and to the beginning of the Civil War. The spring of 1861 tension between the north and south will explode into the Civil war. The methods of participation of both free and enslaved Africans differed in the north and south however they greatly impacted the outcome of the war. However after the war things became his worst for the blacks in the south. The lives of all blocks after the war would change not for the good.“That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free;” The Emancipation Proclamation was a ruling decision issued by Abraham Lincoln on January 1, 1863. To be noted, The Emancipation Proclamation did not free all slaves in the United States, primarily in the South. Instead, it released only the enslaved men and women living in states under the confederacy. The proclamation did not apply to border slave states like Delaware, Maryland, Kentucky and Missouri, all of which were ardent to the Union. William Seward, Lincoln’s secretary of state, commented, “We show our symapthy with slavery by emancipating slaves where we cannot reach them and holding them in bondage where we can set them free.” Into the first years of the civil war, Lincoln’s priority was inhibiting the Southern rebellion from permanently seceding from the union. But as the Civil War entered its second summer in 1862, thousands of slaves fled Southern plantations to Union lines. The emancipation was a perfect opportunity for lincoln to free the slaves and have a new source of manpower to stop the South’s secession.