BURNS

ABSTRACT:

The
present clinical case study deals with the burns in graded murrah buffaloes due
to fire accident presented to the veterinary dispensary for treatment. Severe burns on the body showing 40-50% burns which involving
the epidermis and dermis of the skin. These animals were treated
successfully by correction of dehydration and electrolytic loss without any
complications. Only few case reports are available regarding the successful
management of burns in large animals .

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Keywords: Burns, Graded
murrah buffaloes.

INTRODUCTION:

Burns are not common in animals
mainly occurred due to accidents. The burns are various based on their source
of origin like fire, electricity and some chemicals.  The burns are classified into three types
based on the involvement of the different layers of the skin. The burns in
animals by fire or heat are more than other sources (Yadav et al 2010 and sandhya
et al 2016). Mostly the animals which are in farm with stall fed are mainly
involved in fire accidents. The major source of the fire accident is the thatched
houses and the paddy straw heaps near the animal house (Devi Prasad et al 2017).
The present clinical case study deals with the fire
accident of 6 graded murrah animals accidently burnt.

 HISTORY:

Six
graded murrah buffaloes caught fire shelter which is made with coconut leaves
and grass and other thatched material.these animals are brought to the
veterinary dispensary 1 hour after accident.

1.Veterinary Assistant Surgeon , Veterinary
Dispensary, Atkur  village, Andhra
Pradesh ,India, 2.Veterinary Assistant Surgeon , Veterinary Dispensary, Gandepalli
village Andhra Pradesh ,India, 3.Assistant professor ,Department of Veterinary
Anatomy,NTRCVSc,Gannavaram.

 

Out of six animal’s one animal got
more than 90% fire exposure, two other animals and one calf of 6 month were
also got severe injuries with 40% of burns,  while other two were slightly exposed with
minor injuries.

The
animal with 90% skin was completely burnt off; the head and thoracic portions
were exposed to fire which results in severe burns on head and thoracic
portions involving the epidermis and dermis. The both eyes were completely
exposed to fire result in the loss of vision. Ear pinna was completely charred
off. The remaining animals with 40% burns also involved with second degree by
involving the epidermis and dermis but the extent was less compared to the
above animal. On the clinical examination all the animals were reported to be
with slightly raised body temperature, the pulse rate also increased and all
animals were observed to be anxiety and tensed.  The body temperatures were recorded as 104-
105F. The major burns are observed on face, croup, and back regions (Fig: 1). the
other portions of the body were injured at less extent. The other general
clinical symptoms like congested mucus membrane, charred eye lashes and hair
over ear pinna, dry skin were observed. The 1st and 2nd
degree burn clinical signs observed were in similar with the clinical signs
reported by venugopalan (2005), Yadav (2010), kavitha (2011), choudary 2011.

TREATMENT AND
DISCUSSION:

All the animals were advised to
provide with comfortable bedding and treatment was started immediately. The
better results of burns treatment were successful with correction of body fluid
balance by restoration of ionic balance, reduction of hypovolemia along with
the prevention of secondary bacterial infections.  A multi-dimensional treatment was adopted to
treat these animals similar to sandhya et al 2016, sagar et al 2010.   To restore the ionic balance we used inj. haemacal
(450ml) and to restore hypervolemia Dextrose normal saline and Ringer’s lactate
were infused each @ 45ml/kg body weight. Inorder to prevent the bacterial
infection streptopencillin (Dicrysticin-S 5g) and inj [email protected] and inj
[email protected] were used. The streptopencillin was given intra muscularly for seven
days B.I.D while the ciprofloxacin and metronidazole were given intravenously
for 5 days. In the supporting treatment inj. [email protected] 10ml for animal 5ml in
calf was used. to releave shock inj [email protected] was givenin slow
i.v.  inj. Pheneraminemaleate was gives
antihistamine 10-15ml/animal, inj. [email protected]/kg
bwt was used as anti-inflammatory drug. The lesions were cleaned with pp lotion
1:10000 dilution; the severely affected portions were applied with silverex
ointment, while remaining portion were applied with povidine iodine. Topicure
was used to prevent the maggot infection. 
The treatment was carried for three weeks while results in the restored
normal condition in 3 animals, but one animal with severe burns of 90% body
involvement was died 2nd day of accident. The burns in animals were
most uncommon, tmostly the fire is the main cause in the burns in animals (Yadav
et al., 2010 and Sandhya et al., 2016). The treatment was adopted in multi
directional as of which involves restoration of electrolyte loss, prevention of
bacterial infection and brings the animal to normal condition (grieser and
walker 1984). The multi-dimensional treatment was giving good results, similar
results were also reported by deviprasd etl, 2017 and sandhya et al 2016.

                       

                              Fig:1 she buffalo
with burn on the body

                                      

         Burns on face                                                                             
recovery post treatment

REFERENCES:

Chaudhary PS, JP varney and VV deshmukh,
2011. Emergency and critical care of Thermal Burns in Bovines. Intas Polivet,
12: 172-179

Geiser DR and RD walker, 1984.
Management of Thermal injuries in large animals. Vet Clin North Am Large Anim
Prac, 6: 91-105.

Kavitha, G., Shivaprakash, G. and Ravindra,
R.R., 2011. First and Second Degree Burns in 21 Animals due to Accidental fire
and their Therapeutic and Critical care management. Intas Polivet, 12(2):
180-182.

Sagar, P.V, Rajesh, K., Kavitha L and
Suresh, K. 2010. clinical management of second degree burns ina she buffalo: a
case report. Buffalo Bulletin 29 (1): 65-68

Sandhya, M., 2016. Clinico-therapeutic
management of 10 and 20 burns in cattle and buffaloes. Int J of Vet Sci 5(4):
302-303.

Venrgonplan, 2005. Essentials of
veterinary Surgery. 7th edn. Oxford and IBM publishing Co Pvt Ltd, pp:70.

Yadav, G.V., Pitalawar, S.S, Chowdhary,
K.S and Masare, P.S., 2010. Management of burns in bovine: a clinical study,
11: 52-53.