Drugs

The Earth is full of
various types of materials that can be used for the benefit of human beings.
Some are highly dangerous for the human body. Over the past few years,
scientists have developed new ways to cure different diseases using these
substances which are vital for living things if not properly tested by experts.
Thousands of drugs have been manufactured by scientists all over the world.
What is a drug? According to Wikipedia, a drug is a substance that, when
inhaled, injected, smoked or consumed by a living thing, causes a temporary
physiological change in the body. There are two types of drugs: Pharmaceutical
drugs and Psychoactive drugs. Pharmaceutical drugs are often used to cure a
disease or to promote well-being whereas psychoactive drugs are chemical
substances that affect the function of the central nervous system.

Today the drug under
discussion is Marijuana and should it be legalized or not. So what is
Marijuana? NIDA (National Institute on Drug Abuse) has defined Marijuana with
different names such as weed, herb, pot, ganja etc. It is a greenish-grey
mixture of the dried flowers of Cannabis sativa. It is a psychoactive drug and
the main chemical responsible for the intoxicating effects is delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC).
Although it can also be used for medicinal purposes.

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The use of Marijuana has
some medicinal benefits. For example, it can be used to treat Glaucoma, which
increases pressure in the eyeball, damaging the optic nerve and causing loss of
vision. It may help reverse the effects of tobacco and improve lung health. A
study published in Journal of the American Medical Association in January 2012,
Marijuana does not only impair lung function but can also increase lung
capacity. Researchers have tested the lung function of 5115 young adults over
the course of 20 years. Tobacco smokers lost lung function over time whereas
marijuana users actually showed an increase in lung capacity. The use of
medical marijuana helps relieve pain and suppress nausea. In 2010, researchers
at Harvard Medical School suggested that some of the drug’s benefits may
actually be from reduced anxiety, which can temporarily help a user’s well
being.

Another major benefit of
using Marijuana is that it can stop the spread of cancer cells. Researcher at
California Pacific Medical Centre in San Francisco reported in 2007 that,
Cannabidiol (CBD), found in Marijuana, can prevent cancer from spreading.
Another study published in the journal Molecular Cancer Therapeutics proves how
CBD stops cancer by turning of a gene called Id-1. This is highly beneficial as
cancer cells make more copies of this gene than non-cancerous cells. Some
compounds in cannabis could also kill cancer cells but that research is still
ongoing.  

Although all the facts
about marijuana being used as a cure for many diseases, others may say that it
is it can cause more problems afterwards and I agree with that. Marijuana can
cause both long term and short term problems after its usage. Short term
effects of marijuana include: Severe anxiety including paranoia, which involves
the fear of one being watched by someone. It can cause panic, hallucinations,
loss of sense of personal identity, lowered reaction time, increased heart rate
which may lead to a heart attack after excessive use. The mind can also stop
coordinating with different body parts such as while driving or playing sports.
In long term effects, the use of marijuana can cause a decline in IQ and in
some cases it can rise upto 8 points. Under aged students who have been using
marijuana illegally have shown poor school performance and higher chance of
getting suspended and it is the most commonly used drug among teenagers as it
is cheap. According to a website called honest marijuana, it can be seen that
the average price per gram of marijuana in the United States of America is
about 10 dollars. This not that cheap but once an individual is addicted they
would do anything to get their hands on some “weed”. This includes stealing or
mugging and even murdering people for money. It can also develop a sense of lower
life satisfaction and one cannot stay happy even if he has everything he needs.
This can lead to abusive behavior and in case of married couples they could end
up getting divorced.

It is a agreeable fact
that marijuana is highly suitable for treating complex diseases such as cancer,
epileptic seizures, Dravet’s syndrome, Alzheimer’s disease, arthritis etc. but
it’s long term side effects are highly dangerous and are not cured easily.

So in my conclusion of
this debate, I think that Marijuana should not be legalized unless it is highly
supervised and carried by licensed officials only such as doctors or therapists
etc.

Although there are some
states in the US where marijuana is legal but it is still frowned upon by the
people e.g.  in California, people are
against the legalization of marijuana as they do not want their neighbors
smoking it because it exposes their children to it. This example is highly
significant because it is not only the responsibility of the children to keep a
distance from such drugs but it is also a duty of the parents to keep a check
on their children.

The use of marijuana
should be limited to number of individuals who have can actually benefit from
Marijuana. Educational institutes should be aware of the exchange of such drugs
because teenagers are easily addicted to such strong drugs and can ruin their
future.