Camillo Benso: Count of Cavour

Camillo Paolo Filippo Giulio Benso, Count of Cavour, Isolabella and Leri, or Cavour, was an Italian Statesman and a rising figure
in the movement towards the Unification of Italy. He was one of the figures in
the Historical Right, and Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Sardinia on 1860. He
was born on August 10, 1810, in Turin, French Empire and died on June 6, 1861,
in Turin, Kingdom of Italy, only three months after he was elected in office.
At the age of 22, he was a military officer and made trips to Europe to learn
more about the effects of the Industrial Revolution. From 1832 to 1861, he was
in power for 29 years, after dying of illness.

After
four years in Europe, he returned to Piedmont. He took administration of
agriculture and the economy. Cavour interested himself towards politics,
practical agriculture and foreign travel. He took notice of the July revolution
in 1830 in France, which was followed by the French monarchy adopting a liberal
and constitutional phase under the rule of King Louis Phillipe. Cavour founded
II Risorgimento or “Resurrection”, which was a movement designated to unify
Italy. The policy of the newspaper with this name was to persuade Italian
rulers to collaborate in the elimination of Austria and the revolutions in the
Italian states, that Cavour didn’t take part in, proves that kicking Austrians
out wouldn’t be possible without foreign help. The revolutions in the Italian
states were planned out revolts that were led by intellectuals and agitators in
Sicily and in the Italian peninsula, which fought for a liberal government.
During this time, Italy was a unified country. These revolutions were fought to
drive out Austrians, to become free from the conservative leadership of the
Austrians and of foreign rule. The revolution started from Piedmont, which was
one of four states where the Austrian leaders, Metternich, Ferdinand I of
Austria, and Franz Joseph of Austria, to pass rights. These revolts later flew
to the Kingdom of Lombardy-Venetia, which forced Austrian General Radetzky to
retreat to the Quadrilateral fortresses, which were fortresses, Pschinera,
Mantua, Legnago, and Verona, that appear as verticles of a quadrilateral.
Later, On March 23, 1848, in an article of the Risorgmento, Cavour called King
Louis-Phillipe to join the crusade, arguing that the hour for the Piedmont monarchy
had arrived. Cavour was disappointed by his country’s military defeat at
Custoza, Lombardy-Venetia, against the armies of the Austrian Empire.

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Cavour
warned those against resuming the war without French assistance, but his words
weren’t obey.  The defeats at the Battle
of Novara on March 23 and the abdication of Carlo Alberto in replace for his
son, Vittorio Emanuele, to take over, follows the reopening of the war on March
20, 1849.