Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause problems
physically such as grade 1-4 pressure source and physical aches and pains which
can cause server discomfort and pain.


Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause problems
physically as the client may not being able to undertake tasks. The phrase “If they don’t do it they lose it”applies.
It is not being kind to do everything for the client, it is a form of
unintentional abuse, as the individual’s
independence is being removed.

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Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause problems
physically such as obesity, and other medical conditions, which may eventually lead
to heart problems and death.





Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause mental problems
such as depression, isolation, and
withdrawal. Leading to social exclusion, and further depression.


Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause mental problems
such as anxiety, agitation, and
frustration leading to behavioral
problems, which can affect their future care.


Consequences of prolonged inactivity can cause mental problems
such as sleep disturbances, which can lead to the client not being able to
concentrate during the day, they may also be more confused, and are more prone
to falls.


















Positive experiences can help with social interaction as with
Bernie and the other residents their games nights are something to look forward
to, enjoyment of an activity helps people to connect to each other, allows for
relationships to be formed and can help with behavior.


Positive experiences can also help tire the person out and give
them a good night’s sleep as with Joseph who’s dart playing is giving him
gentle exercise with mental stimulation.


Positive experiences can also stop the feelings of depression
and isolation, it can help carers form relationships and trust as with residents,
and improve the relationship with staff,
who have taken time to interact with those suffering from dementia.




Relationship between
positive experiences and physical well-being


The more physical a person is the less likely they will be to
have poor mobility. Physical activities produce a hormone called endorphin which
gives an opioid-type sensation to their
central nervous system, it makes the person feel happy, which again encourages
more physical activity and good physical well-being.


Relationship between
positive experiences and mental well-being


Mental well-being is essential for the client to feel good, and
at peace with themselves, to be
spiritually content, it allows the client to feel more socially acceptance and helps
the client to socially interact, with other residents and staff.


According to Maslow people have the following needs for good
mental well-being; –


·      Phycological
needs food, water, warmth and rest.

·      Safety
needs: – security and safety

·      Belonging
and love needs; – relationships and friendships

·      Esteem
needs: – the feeling of accomplishment

·      Ending
with self-actualization and self-fulfillment. 


Positive experiences that lead to good mental wellbeing can help
stop other medical conditions such as depression, isolation, frustration, and withdrawal.


3a. Describe a minimum of three
ways how the experience of an activity can be negative. [1.4]


Negative experiences, such as talking over a client and assuming
they can’t do tasks, or not allowing the
client to make a decision, can affect the mental and physical health of the
person, it can cause them to be withdrawn, isolated and depressed.


A negative experience can be caused unintentionally by not
engaging the client in an activity, making the activity too hard, or too easy
so they become bored, frustrated, or
anxious the client can become upset and display challenging behavior.


If client’s favorite past
time has been removed without
explanation, or the person has been injured during an activity, it can lead to feelings of low self-esteem,
poor- self-confidence and make the client socially withdraw from future




The relationship between negative experiences and physical
well-being are linked, if someone fell during an activity such as a walk in the
garden, the person will associate the garden as a place to be avoided due to
the injury they had suffered, a simple fall could easily break the hip of an elderly
person which could mean prolonged hospital treatment, they may also be less
likely to be mobile as they become fearful of walking in any location, just in
case they should fall again, this can lead to obesity and other health


Relationship between
negative experiences and mental well-being


Not only is their physical well-being affected through lack of
activity, but their mental health is also potentially at risk, the person can
become isolated and withdrawn, this will
have a direct impact on their ability to socialise
and their ability to trust the carer who allowed them to be injured during the

When someone becomes withdrawn and isolated they can become very
depressed, and this could lead to other mental and physical health problems.




Social benefits of engaging a person-to-person activity, show
excellent personal centered care, it
enables the person to have an identity other than that of a dementia client.

It shows respect for the person they are, and helps engage with
social inclusion, it can help with strengthening relationships between the client,
staff and other residents.

Personal centered
activities help the individual, to adjust to their new environment. It helps
them to make new friends and to feel
empowered to make life choices.



The benefits of engaging in group activities include: –


Group dynamics and identity, it helps with building trust and
relationships. Group activities are pleasurable when organised correctly, things such as chair yoga, bingo and crafts
can help someone become adjusted to a new routine, and environment.

Group activities can show a person’s strengths, rather their
weaknesses, such as the ability to sing or play a piano, to help entertain
others, promoting self-worth and personal

Group activities help with social inclusion they give a forum to
allow people to talk, gossip, laugh and tell jokes. It can bring out the
positive side of community living.


The group activities in Greenwood Bay offer social inclusion to
their residents, it offers the opportunity to join in with others who have the
same condition, allowing residents to support each other, the need to belong to
a group and  to be accepted as an
individual is part of our human identity, group activities encourage communication,
and allows residents to meet people in a safe environment. This can expel
loneliness, and isolation especially if the person does not have regular


Sun villas residents may feel isolated as only one resident gets
to go on a trip, this could lead to frustration, jealousy, and feelings of low-self-esteem, as the
residents wait for their turn to go out.


It does not encourage group inclusion or group identity, looking
after only one individual at a time, it does not allow for social interaction with peers, it
does not allow group bonding, to making friends or having shared experiences, it does not allow the
residents the ableity to chat about their community adventure,to help maske new


This type of isolation can cause serious mental health problems and challenging behaviour to those left behind.


Although the individual may enjoy their time out, the experience cannot be shared, with others who can
help with group bonding and memory by saying simple things like “ can you
remember when we all went to …….”





Activities can promote social interaction, as groups of people can
come together for a common goal. Whether that is a sing-song, bingo, crafts or a night at the theatre.

It is important that the mental stimulation is achieved, as this
helps cognitive function. An activity can help someone to adjust to new
surroundings, meet new friends, let down barriers, and support one another.


Activities help with social interaction, it helps alleviate boredom, and other mental health issues, it
helps to bring a bond between people as they experience life’s challenges, it
can also give identity to someone who feels isolated. Activities with physical
interaction can help with physical wellbeing, and promote the overall health and mobility of the client.


 Social inclusion is
defined as “the process by which efforts are made to ensure that.
everyone, regardless of their experiences and circumstances, can achieve. their
potential in life.”


As care workers, our aim is to ensure that our clients can maintain personal
independence to the best of their ability.

have the choice of whether to become involved with activities, or whether they
just want to watch others, which can encourage them to join in the next time,
if they witness, their peers having fun.

It enables them to have control of their life
to be accepted for who they are and not for what medical condition they have.

Independence must be promoted; social
interaction is a requirement for a human being to have good physical/mental


Group activities can stop loneliness,
depression, and withdrawal, it helps
promote good sleeping habits as it can stop clients napping. It can promote
self-esteem, decreases anxiety and depression, stops boredom and challenging
behavior, socialising improves quality of life, it can help give a sense of purpose
to the client and gives them something to discuss
when they have family or friends visiting.

People very quickly deteriorate if they are
just sitting in their chairs waiting for God, stimulating group activities are
useful not only to the client but also to staff, as a happy client is more
likely to stay more independent and be
more manageable than that of a depressed withdrawn client..


Care workers can embed activities into
their daily tasks by ensuring they have planned their time correctly, they have looked at the needs of the
individual and ensure they are competent to carry out the tasks they have


A personal centred approach to all care is a process designed to assist someone to make
plans for their future and to enable individuals with disabilities or needing
support, to increase their self-determination and improve their independence”.


As a carer it is important always to
remember that:-


P Preparation

I   Independence

P  Privacy and

E  Equality
and Diversity

C  Communication
and consent.


Are fundamental to ensure that activities
are undertaken within their caring/supporting role.


The carer needs to prepare
prior to undertaking any task, they need to promote
by not doing everything for the individual, they need to remember privacy, dignity and
allow for equality and diversity, the only way they can do that is by communicating
with the client and their family, and ensuring they have consent in
all aspects of their care.


Simple activities such as allowing the
client to dress themselves by placing their cloths in the correct order, so
that they don’t wear a petticoat over their dress, helps with maintaining indipendance and dignity.


Prior to someone requiring care they may
have had a specific thing that they did at home such as wash the dishes after a meal. If this is taken away
from the person they can feel isolated, therefore a care worker can help a
client continue with the task of washing dishes, this will make them feel more
included and at home.





Activity providers and carers can encourage participation, they
can promote activities, an afternoon to undertake nail painting, or ensuring
that on a particular day a hairdresser/Turkish barber, comes to the maintain,
personal hair care. Which can help a client feel pampered, special and


They can help ensure that the person gets to go on trips to
local shops, or to undertake new activities, such as painting/ card making.


Activity providers and carers can help maintain the client’s
spiritual belief’s by ensuring provision has been made for the person to go to
their local church on a regular basis.


Activity providers and carers can also arrange for pets to come to the home by getting in contact
with local pet therapy groups, some homes encourage clients to talk to communal
pets such as birds, cats and dogs.


Especially if the client is missing their four legged friend,
pet therapy has been found to help people to talk, to share memories and to
allow strangers to talk as they have a focus, and common interest in the
dog/cat pet.




If family, friends, staff,
and residents are all encouraged to participate in activities there is more of
a feeling of well-being, family as a
group begins to bond.


Fun events such as quiz
night, bingo, Christmas fare ’s, birthday
parties or charity event are all ways
that inclusion can be promoted.


Family, friends and clients can all participate to make an event
a success, clients can make posters, and ask families for help with raffle
prizes they can encourage participation,
and attendance to an event, especially if the event has an end goal, such as
raising money for a particular charity; celebrating a special occasion or even
having team competitions.

It is a good way of increasing moral, social events can help
break down the barriers of us/them within the care sector,

Us being the client, family, friends, them being the paid
professional who undertakes the care of a loved one. It allows staff to interact with family, friends and clients on a
more informal setting, it can promote a feeling of unity, togetherness, working
towards a common goal, are all accomplished when social events are organised,
and the goal is reached, even the thrill of winning a bag of sweets at a bingo
game can give a thrill to the participant, if everyone has a good night it
helps to encourage inclusion, a sense of belonging and open and honest
communication between carers, family and staff.

Most importantly it pulls down barriers, it helps staff to
understand family dynamics and allows everyone to work together to support
residents to be as independent as possible, it allows for gratitude to be
acknowledged, which in its self brings a feeling of self-actualisation.



A team culture, enables  people
to see beyond their own experiences, it helps to attain a specific goal, team members
need to be able to listening and show respect for the perspectives of others, and
 everyone must feel able to communicate within
their group.



Within the care sector that means that the group must be totally


This can be demonstrated by activities such as chair aerobics, for
those who cannot walk, their needs have identified.


With everyone sitting it demonstrates equality, and gentle exercise
helps with personal fitness to encourages  independents.


Each client is shown dignity and respect by allowing for their needs,
staff interaction can be encouraged as chair aerobics is something everyone can
join in, and communication must be clear and precise to allow for full interaction.
This type of exercise can increase the feeling of physical health and mental fitness.


Friendly rivalry during team games such as quizzes/darts, allows
groups the opportunity to brainstorm and creates different opportunities for team

Darts help with hand eye co-ordination and promote mental stimulus
via having to calculate points, and gentle exercise, it also helps to promote physical
wellbeing and a social connection.

If groups meet regularly it helps to promote team spirit, and engagement,
it strengthens a team by focusing on individual strengths and abilities, as well
as the collective oneness which is developed, during bonding and team identity.

People begin to look forwards to a social events, rather than thinking
they have to go visit someone, they are more likely to want to attend something
that they feel they can participate in.

Sitting attempting to talk to someone, who has done nothing from
one week to the next can and is difficult, as conversation is hard to maintain,
doing something together helps people to bond and participate, this is often demonstrated
when someone has a large jigsaw the focus becomes finding the pieces, and is averted
from the daily routine, which in its self can help to promote alternative conversations,
interaction with others, and a feeling of accomplishment when the jigsaw has been