The United States and IndiaThe United States is a federal republic composed of 50 individual states. It is the third most populated country in the world with approximately 324 million inhabitants (“Central Intelligence”). Although the total population of the United States is comprehensive, its overall population density is relatively low (Weisberger). The country embraces some of the world’s largest urban concentrations, such as New York City, as well as some of the most extensive areas that are almost devoid of habitation (Weisberger). The United States consists of a highly assorted population. In contrast to India that is largely incorporated of indigenous people (Weisberger). The United States have faced two very significant experiences, the first being the Civil War (1861-65), in which a northern Union of states defeated a Confederacy of 11 southern slave states, and the Great Depression of the 1930s, an economic downturn during which about a quarter of the labor force lost its jobs (“Central Intelligence”). In spite of these major setbacks, The United States economy has achieved relatively steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and rapid advances in technology (“Central Intelligence”).  India is a constitutional republic consisting of 29 states (Thapar). India was granted independence in 1947 after an iconic figure, Mahatma Gandhi, led a nonviolent resistance against British rule (Thapar). A massive youthful population are driving India’s emergence as a regional and global power (Thapar). The United States and India are prime examples of nations that define the terms high and low income country accurately, they distinguish the differences in terms of economic performance and key development indicators, which both are driven and impacted by health services and education in both nations. A country whose people have limited access to education will also struggle with high rates of unemployment and poverty. The school life expectancy in the United States 17 years for both sexes on average. This includes of secondary and most times than not tertiary education. This justifies why only 0.7% (2009 est.) of the United States labourers work in the primary industrial sector (“Central Intelligence”). This is due to the fact that people are educated through secondary and tertiary levels of schooling, meaning that they can specialise in high skilled jobs, such as doctors, consultants etc. 79.1% (2009 est.) of the entire working force have a job in the tertiary and service sector (“Central Intelligence”). On the contrary, India, of which 47% of the labour force are occupied in the agricultural sector, which essentially includes of farming and forestry (“Central Intelligence”). The fundamental reason of why there is such a large number of labourers in the primary industrial sector is that the school life expectancy is solely 12 years. This results in the lack of skilled workers to find jobs in the tertiary field. This consequently has an effect on the countries GDP per capita. The United States having $57,300 (2016 est.) and India, $6,700 (2016 est.) (“Central Intelligence”). Education plays an integral role in one’s nation as it develops the economic sectors and improves one’s quality of life. The United States and India both have a very similar dependency ratio, the U.S of 50.9 and India of 52.4 (“Central Intelligence”). This is positive for both nations as there is not great pressure on the working age. Furthermore, a nation hinders its development with the lack or access to health services around the country. Several factors influence a society’s infant mortality rate. The compelling one being not having access to local hospitals or clinics. The United States average mortality rate is 5.8 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.) (“Central Intelligence”). This is due to the fact that parents have the finances and accessibility to deliver offspring at hospitals. In addition, there is no need for parents to have many children as it is just a further expense, 1.87 children per woman (2017 est.) (“Central Intelligence”). On the other hand, India’s insufficiency of hospitals/clinics results in a higher infant mortality rate of 40.5 deaths/1,000 live births (2016 est.) (“Central Intelligence”). Parents are in need of a considerable amount of children, to help with their jobs in agriculture (Thapar). This also increases the risk of a infant mortality. Parents would not have sufficient fiance to deliver all their offspring at hospitals and may not have access to these facilities. In the United States, the entire population has access to basic sanitation (“Central Intelligence”). This is vital for a country that is in need of development. It avoids diseases and improves the general well being of the nation. In contrast to this, India’s sanitary facilities is only accessible for 39.6% of the total population (2016 est.) (“Central Intelligence”). This is a major setback as the majority of inhabitants do not access to the facilities. This increases the risk of infections and unhygiene drastically and would negatively impact the development of the country.Two of the world’s superpowers depict a clear representation of a low and high income nations. Both countries are impacted severely by education and health services. One way in which education impacts quality of life in a nation is its close relationship to poverty. The higher qualified student, the higher the pay check. Basic sanitary accessibility plays a major role on the how rapid a country would develop. The two countries both have strength and flaws. However, the United States is far more developed and is considerably more economically stable. Some limitations of this essay would be that some facts that were corresponding in both countries were recorded in different years. This would make the comparison slightly less accurate. [Word Count: 1025]    Works Cited “Central Intelligence Agency.” The World Factbook: United States, Central Intelligence Agency, 14 Nov. 2017, www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/us.html. Accessed 19 Nov. 2017.Thapar, Romila. “India.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 15 Sept. 2017, www.britannica.com/place/India. Accessed 19 Nov. 2017.Weisberger, Bernard A. “United States.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, inc., 13 Sept. 2017, www.britannica.com/place/United-States. Accessed 19 Nov. 2017.