essay

has grown
more powerful ever since 1898 to become the most powerful state in the international
system.

States that
become the dominant power in their regions will do everything within their
powers to make sure no other state gets powerful enough to challenge their dominance.
Regional hegemonies hate competitions they will instead prefer to keep power in
the hands of all the smaller states. That is why the United after it become a
hegemony did everything it could to prevent any other state from doing the
same. In the twentieth century there where several great powers that had the
capacity to pursue hegemony Imperial Japan, Nazi Germany, and the Soviet Union.
In each of these cases the United States played a key role in ensuring there
demise to make sure their hegemonic intension is crushed.  In a nutshell the best situation for a state
that has achieved hegemony is to make sure she remains the only one.

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 If this assertion by offensive realist is to
be true then one should fear that an emerging multipolar world led by China
with its hegemonic desire will result in instability. This is because as China
seeks to become the greatest power in Asia it will try to accumulate as much
power as it can in other to have an edge over its neighbours, especially the
other two big powers Japan and Russia. China will want to ensure that it become
very powerful so that no other great power in the region can challenge its
superiority. A very powerful and assertive China will want to send the United
States military forces out of Asia just like the United did to Great Britain
and other powers of Europe.

When
considering this logic from China angle this logic makes a lot of sense. It
will be really good if China pursue hegemony and envision a situation where
both Japan and Russia are weak militarily just like the United will like all
her neighbours to be militarily weak. Moreover the Chinese has not had a very
good history in the past. Chinese history is mostly filled with stories of
military occupation and humiliation by stronger powers especially Japan   and
the Chinese leadership has not forgotten. In addition as China grows more
powerful it is logical that it tries to get rid of the United States military
in its backyard because as long as they remain they will present a threat to
China dominance. Historical records have revealed how the United States will
deal with emerging china as China try to dominate Asia. The United States does
not like competition as it showed in the twentieth century when it orchestrated
the down fall of other great European powers who seek to dominate their
regions. The United States wants to remain the only hegemony as long as it can
therefore it will do everything to keep China in check so that China will not
dominate Asia.

Finally
multipolarity should be fared for its ability to upset the balance of power and
its eventual leading to states forming coalitions and alliances to balance the
biggest emerging power, it is argued china’s rise will scare its neighbours and
these neighbours will do everything within their powers to stop China from
achieving hegemony. In fact scholars and commentators are pointing out that
there is already an effort by big powers like Japan, India, and Russian,
including smaller states like South Korea, Vietnam and the Philippine to
balance against China, Japan and India has recently increased economic and
military cooperation.at the end of the day is either this countries will join a
United States spearheaded coalition to contain China just like western
countries and even China join the United States against the Soviet Union or
they on their own will balance against China with the United States playing a
limited role from the side-lines.

However not
all about multipolarity is bad news there are some scholars who believe that
the emerging multipolar system should be welcomed. Because if proper steps are
taken and good foreign policies are implemented by states multipolar will be
more stable than bipolar.

One of the
argument used to back up this points is that since alliances are constantly
changing and counter alliances are always been formed in multipolar the desire
to wage on a relentless warfare on the enemy and intense competition that is
found in bipolar is replaced by a political process of input and output that is
states take as they give. Hence the chance of war is very small because
rhetoric’s that will raise serious tensions can be stopped or postponed.
Multipolar encourage truces through its balance of power, as the equilibrium of
force is always shifting. Anybody can be a partner there are no permanent enemies.
The point here is that disagreements are less likely to lead to a hot war in
multipolar system because states do not regard one another as mutual enemies
when one state make gain the others do not instantly translate it as there
loss.