The following activities should be conducted to
enhance public participation in sustainable forestry management;

·        
Raise the awareness of the community and
decision makers about the vital role of trees and forest in national and socio-economic
development.

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·        
Establish demonstration projects and
learning centers to serve as upgrading community capabilities in plantation and
agroforestry practices and also demonstrate the economic benefit of the
community forestry.

·        
Provide incentive to develop community
forestry programs.

·        
Motivate and expand participatory
forestry/agroforestry on degraded lands, village tracts and farm lands.

·        
Establish mechanisms and promote joint
forest management with the Forest Department and community.

·        
Encourage tree planting in urban areas
and business people to set up small forest enterprises. Enhance awareness
raising in sustainable harvesting from forest plantations.

·        
Promote effective involvement of NGOs in
providing inputs to all aspects of forestry development and more collaboration
with International/ Regional Partners for SFM, biodiversity, watershed
management, mangrove conservation, dry zone rehabilitation.

4.5
Sustainable consumption supports
sustainable resource management

The
world population has increased up to 7 billion now, and resources consumption
has also increased in line with the population growth. And
then, productive capacity of planet is reduced mainly for our unsustainable
production and consumption patterns. The consumption of main timber products
(round-wood, sawn-wood, pulp, paper) is expected to increase over the next 30
years. The use of solid biofuels for electricity production could be three
times larger by 2030 than current levels (FAO 2007). In consequence of growing
demand, tropical forest plantation area more than doubled between 1995 and
2005, to 67 million hectares, mostly in Asia. The use of relatively few tree
species in plantations and modified natural forests is an issue of concern for
a number of forest dependent species and for ecosystem resilience (EEA 2005,
Hagar 2007).

In
my opinion, the most effective ways for sustainable resource management are to
consider promoting Sustainable Consumption and Production patterns, and
applying life-cycle thinking approach which considers the impacts from all
life-cycle stages of the production and consumption process and cradle-to-cradle life cycle flow of a
product. “Sustainable Consumption and Production (SCP) is a holistic approach
to minimizing the negative environmental impacts from consumption and
production systems while promoting quality of life for all” (UNEP 2011).

WWF
predicted as at present, we are using natural resources 30 percent more than
the world can replenish naturally, and if the trend continues on, two planets
will be required to meet the present utilization rate of our human-kind. Two
planets will not appear and the only option is to change our manners of over
use of natural resources. The higher we consume the natural resources, the
greater the generation of waste. Previously, our resources-use was very limited
for less population and for good manners of old peoples. At that time,
sustainability of those resources is truly sustainable and the consuming power
is within the capacity of our planet’s productivity.

Therefore,
sustainable consumption of resource is firstly recommendable for resource sustainability.
Secondly, an approach of cradle-to-cradle life cycle of a product is required
to be taken into our consideration for the same purpose (resource
sustainability). The former approach is very likely to be applied when
population pressure is under control and when innovative way for efficient use
of resource is in existence. The latter approach can be applied at all time for
a product can alternatively utilized for many different utilizations. The
cradle-to-cradle life cycle flow of a product is to reduce resource and to
re-use as raw materials once the product reaches its end.

In
addition, implementing sustainable forest management can contribute to the
following sustainable development goals by 2030;

SDG (1) End
poverty – Forests are providing basic needs for rural people.

SDG (13) Climate
Change – Forest act as carbon sink and regulate the climate.

SDG (15) Life on
Land – Land degradation, biodiversity loss and terrestrial ecosystem can be
protected by sustainably manage forests.

5.
Conclusion

Although
forest resources are renewable, overexploitation of forest products tends to
create severe deforestation. The need for long term maturity, reservation and
preservation of forest resources should be included in the strategic plans of
sustainable development. Sustainable resource management is often assumed as
sustainable use of resource for human being. Actually, the contribution of
sustainable resource management is more than sustainable or long-term use of a
resource; it supports the stability of our planet’s eco-system. Besides, the
resources are at the core of sustainable development as it is closely linked to
a number of key global challenges. And it is therefore to note the importance
of integrating the sustainable resources management in exploring social,
economic and environment dimensions – or achieving sustainable development.

It is clear that progress in
establishing the conditions for SFM is being made: policies and legislation are
generally in place over most of the global forest area, stakeholders are
involved in various roles in recommending policy change and in forest
operations planning, forest management plans have broad coverage and are more
frequently monitored, there are dramatic increases in the area covered by
national forest inventories and forest management certification. The state of
the enabling environment for SFM and progress made at the operational level
demonstrates commitment to sustainable forest management by governments,
industry and communities. At the same time further investment in addressing
these limitations is clearly needed to promote and support SFM – particularly
in low income forest countries and in large parts of the tropical climatic
domain. Overall, the evidence shows a trend favorable to SFM globally that will
help ensure forests remain a valued part of our common future.

 

A
wide range of products and services provided by forests are vital important for
our livelihood and they are actually opportunities to address in implementing
activities for achieving sustainable development. Therefore,
we need to protect and conserve the forest resources with the active
participation of public in a sustainable manner. Efficiency in natural resource
use is improving in line with advance in production technologies as the world’s
economy is heading to green economy, low carbon, efficiency, and cleaner
production. In my conclusion, practicing sustainable consumption and production
will partly support for sustainable resource management and to practice it,
human-kind is central.