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In this unit we learned about the different countries, capitals, and culture of Europe. Europe is the peninsulas of peninsulas. The continent is a peninsula in itself but the continent has Four major peninsulas. There is the Scandinavian peninsula which is in Northern Europe and in consists of the countries: of Norway and Sweden. Next there is the the Iberian Peninsula which consists of Spain and Portugal. The third peninsula is the Italian Peninsula which is just the country of Italy. Last, is the Balkan Peninsula which is bordered by the mediterranean, the black sea, and the aegean sea. Europe also has many landforms which have helped further the success of this continent. Whether is is a river that helps trade and a flow of ideas or the amazing, natural landmarks of Europe. These rivers help transport ideas and goods, as well as helping economic growth. There are a few main rivers in Europe which extend through most of Europe. Two of these rivers are the Danube river and the Rhine river. The Danube River extends from west germany to the black sea.  The Rhine river extends from the Netherlands to Switzerland. There are also mountain ranges. These Mountain ranges have not helped the growth of spreading culture and are very hard to get through. They are good for Hiking and outdoor activities but the make travel very difficult and cut parts of Europe off from the rest. The Pyrenees are at the border of spain and isolate the balkan Peninsula from the rest of Europe. However, this has caused the Spanish to travel by water and have adapted to sailing instead of going through the mountains. The second mountains range is the Alps. The Mountains are located across France, Italy, Germany,Switzerland, Austria, and other countries in northern Balkan Peninsula. These mountains cut Italy off from the rest of Europe. These mountains have not helped Europe but there is a large area of Europe that is flat. This is the Northern European Plain. It is located primarily in france and extends to into Russia. Many events have happened in these plains and have helped with Europe’s agriculture. The next section of notes we learned about was Europe’s culture. Europe can be split into four major regions: Northern Europe, Western Europe, Mediterranean/ Southern Europe, and Eastern Europe. The entire country as a whole is one of the most culturally diverse Continents. Many people are bilingual and many countries have multiple official languages. Socialism is big here and services are available to people. Familycare is very big and important. Healthcare is provided by the government and maternity leave can be over a year long. But, taxes are pretty high and can even be up to 70% of someone’s income. Northern Europe includes Ireland, the UK, the scandinavian peninsula, Denmark, and Iceland. This part of europe is not as culturally diverse as the rest of Europe. Most people have a high standard of living. Most of this region is protestant. Ireland is mostly Catholic though. Many famous writers have originated from this area such as William shakespeare. These countries government include monarchy and parliament.  The healthcare and literacy rates are nearly 100%. The next region is Western Europe. This region includes the countries of France, Germany,Belgium, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Switzerland, and Austria. This region is the most populated. Germany, alone, has 83 million people living there. This region is mainly christian and roman catholic. This Region has been home to many famous music composers such as beethoven and Mozart. Also, Monet, a famous painter, lived in France. These countries have a democracy as their government. This region is big in agriculture due to the Northern European Plain. Many people speak French and German. There is a high standard of living and 99% of the population is literate. Leisure activities include movies, concerts, and art museums and many people spend time outside due to small houses. The next region is the Mediterranean/ Southern Region. This region includes Spain, Portugal, Italy,and Greece. Many ancient civilizations are in this region. Each of these countries speak their countries language. This region has a long history of emigration. This religion practices roman catholicism and Greece’s is Eastern orthodox Christianity. These countries are democracies. This region have many historic sites and a sunny climate, therefore, tourism is big and helps their economy.